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Chengalpattu


Chengalpattu, also called Chingleput, town, northeastern Tamil Nadu state, southeastern India. It is located along the Palar River, about 35 miles (56 km) south-southwest of the city of Chennai (Madras).

Chengalpattu dates from the early Chola dynasty of the 2nd century bce. Its name means โ€œTown of Red Lotuses.โ€ The most-prominent building in the town is a fort that was built by the Vijayanagars (ruled 1336โ€“1565). About 1640 the town fell to the Muslim sultanate of Golconda, and it was captured by the British general Robert Clive in 1752. The present-day town is a railway junction and serves as the commercial centre for the northern Coromandel Coast. It has a medical school and other colleges affiliated with the University of Madras in Chennai.

The surrounding area is predominantly a rice-growing region, except for its sandy Indian Ocean coastline, on which extensive stands of casuarina trees have been planted. The areaโ€™s easily invaded and fertile farmlands were successively conquered by Vijayanagar, Muslim, Maratha, and British troops. It is now primarily important as a food-producing hinterland of Chennai. There are numerous historic sites and monuments in the area, including many Pallava temples at nearby Mamallapuram. Pop. (2001) 62,582; (2011) 62,579.



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