Brahmapur lies on the national highway between Kolkata (Calcutta) and Chennai (Madras) and on the South-Eastern Railway line. It is a trade centre for rice, sugarcane, and other agricultural products of the region. Industries include rice milling, distilling, and silk weaving. Khallikote College (1878), the University of Berhampur (1967), a law school, a medical college, a teachers’ training school, and a women’s college are located there. The city serves as a tourist base for southern Odisha state. Pop. (2001) 307,792; (2011) 356,598.