Balurghat was declared a municipality in 1951. The city is connected by road with Ingraj Bazar (Angrezabad) in West Bengal and with Dinajpur and Rajshahi in Bangladesh. It is a regional distributing centre, trading mainly in rice, jute, sugarcane, and oilseeds. Balurghat has a college affiliated with the University of North Bengal near Siliguri. Pop. (2001) 135,737; (2011) 151,416.